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currency: Boliviano (BOB)
Official languages
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Bolivia profile

shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake (elevation 3,805 m), with Peru
Bolivia history
Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simon BOLIVAR, broke away from Spanish rule in 1825; much of its subsequent history has consisted of a series of nearly 200 coups and countercoups. Democratic civilian rule was established in 1982, but leaders have faced difficult problems of deep-seated poverty, social unrest, and illegal drug production. In December 2005, Bolivians elected Movement Toward Socialism leader Evo MORALES president - by the widest margin of any leader since the restoration of civilian rule in 1982 - after he ran on a promise to change the country's traditional political class and empower the nation's poor, indigenous majority. However, since taking office, his controversial strategies have exacerbated racial and economic tensions between the Amerindian populations of the Andean west and the non-indigenous communities of the eastern lowlands. In December 2009, President MORALES easily won reelection, and his party took control of the legislative branch of the government, which will allow him to continue his process of change. In October 2011, the country held its first judicial elections to appoint judges to the four highest courts.
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Conventional long form: Plurinational State of Bolivia

Conventional short form: Bolivia

Local long form: Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia

Local short form: Bolivia
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Bolivia's capital city is 6 August 1825 (from Spain)
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Bolivia Constitution:

7 February 2009
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Bolivia population growth rate: 1.664%
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Bolivia highest point: Nevado Sajama 6,542 m
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Bolivia lowest point: Rio Paraguay 90 m
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About 3% of Bolivia's land is arable.
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Mamoré River is the Longest River in Bolivia
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Bolivia birth rate is 24 births/1,000 population
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Bolivia infant mortality rate is 41 deaths/1,000 live births
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Bolivia fertility rate is 2.87 children born/woman
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Bolivia climate:

varies with altitude;

humid and tropical to cold and semiarid
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Top 10 cities of Bolivia with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Santa Cruz de la Sierra: 1,451,597
2. La Paz: 877,363
3. El Alto: 647,350
4. Cochabamba: 608,276
5. Sucre: 280,225
6. Oruro: 216,702
7. Tarija: 176,787
8. Potosí: 150,647
9. Sacaba: 134,518
10. Yacuíba: 95,594
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Bolivia ethnic groups:

Quechua - 30%
mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) - 30%
Aymara - 25%
white - 15%
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Bolivia Exports:

natural gas, soybeans and soy products, crude petroleum, zinc ore, tin
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Bolivia Imports:

petroleum products, plastics, paper, aircraft and aircraft parts, prepared foods, automobiles, insecticides
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bicameral Plurinational Legislative Assembly or Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional consists of Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (36 seats; members are elected by proportional representation from party lists to serve five-year terms) and Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (130 seats total; 70 uninominal deputies directly elected from a single district, 7 "special" indigenous deputies directly elected from non-contiguous indigenous districts, and 53 plurinominal deputies elected by proportional representation from party lists; all deputies serve five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
9 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Pando, Potosi, Santa Cruz, Tarija
Political parties and leaders:
Bacada Indigena (BI)

Bolivia-National Convergence (PPB-CN) - Adrian OLIVA

Fearless Movement (MSM) - Juan DE GRANADO Cosio

Movement Toward Socialism (MAS) - Juan Evo MORALES Ayma

National Unity (UN) - Samuel DORIA MEDINA Arana

People (Gente) - Roman LOAYZA

Social Alliance (AS) - Rene JOAQUINO